informaTion OF :
       LA PALMA




30 OCTOBER 2008


These notes are made, to remember and record the history that my father in law D. Carlos Yanes Carrillo, who died recently, I passed me.

Throughout the second half of XIX century, the economic relationship with the island of Cuba was intense and great economic and social influence for the Palma.
The result of this, allowing many islanders would emigrated to find better life on the island of Cuba, to work and then return, whit fortune.
Thanks to this fortune, many Indians were able to return, and while others were not, if they benefited from trade.
The Yanes’s house in the Risco de La Conception, is a consequence of this historical circumstance, being able to build significantly on the basis of this economic relationship, which the owners had with Cuba in particular, of which there is documentation on the heritage of the family, whose most obvious evidence is the model and drawings of the brig "The Truth" in his office in case of Buenavista, until it was installed in 1987 at the Convent of San Francisco del Cabildo Insular de la Palma.

D. Juan Yanes Garcia, trader, who came to the middle of S.C Palma XIX in Tacoronte, he founded a company to trade between the islands and in particular the island of Cuba, for transportation, both passenger and products indigenous to the island.
To this charge at the time, several boats rigged brig, Clipper, Goleta, D. Sebastian Arozena Lemus, Sebastian Arozena Henriquez as shipbuilders.
It is through these boat trips, which shows the figure of "Indian" returning to La Palma with success, and reflected in the architecture style of the time, its materialization.
Yanes Commercial House, originally located in Salazar Hall, then home Elder, the death of its founder D. Juan Yanes Garcia became Children of Juan Yanes sl., Which included his sons Antonino, Manuel, Aureliano, and the ir sisters.
D. Manuel Yanes Volcan married Mrs. Emilia Carrillo Massieu, was president of the conservative Liberal Party and owner of the home that housed the Old Institute C / Real, whose construction was given by D. Ignacio Rodríguez famous shipbuilder.
His wife was the owner, together with his brother D. Silvestre Carrillo Massieu of land on the ridge of the Conception, where his parents D. Emilio Carrillo Batista - building contractor and Maria Nieves Rodríguez Massieu built a small house and water tank before 1897.

D. Manuel Yanes Volcan, was consul of France in La Palma, in a trip he took to Paris, compiled a copy of the embassy level of Siam in Paris, the eclectic tastes of the time and "French chateau, where mixed Anglo classical languages with Asian references, such as domes, pagodas, kiosks, within the stylistic trend which took place also in Las Palmas, Tenerife, in the garden cities, as in Asturias, Llanes, Santander and the palace of the Magdalena, for example.
Moved the plane La Palma, is charged with the master builder D. Felipe de Paz Pérez its construction, dating the plane in 1897.
The present house was built on the original home but it was not faithfully execute the original plan, but on the contrary and the nature of the land is located a basement with wine cellar and services such as housing the main floor and second floor was incomplete.
The work we are aware, to be completed and social events in 1906.
According to the book of D. Juan Maluquer and Viladot, Prosecutor of the Supreme Court during his visit to La Palma in March 1906, a month before the visit of Alfonso XIII, had lunch with several people from the island, in "Quinta de Buenavista del sr. Yanes”.
This house was inherited by D. Armando Yanes Carrillo, then by his son D. Carlos Yanes Carrillo, and now by Carlos Yanes E HIJOS SL, whose fate is to rehabilitate as Hotel Buenavista.- Today it works with six cottages, and rehabilitation is the big house hotel .- It is implementing the final project of the architect, who speaks to them in 1987.

The house along with other examples of Villas, Quintas or accommodations made at the same time, same style and builder have a lot to do with households each other that arose, as we discuss later.
Thus, there is an obvious relationship with the Palmita D. Domingo Cáceres Kabana, the Two Cuban D. Antonio Carballo Fernández, Hacienda Bajamar (The Florida) from D. Francisco Cosmelli and Sotomayor, all made by Felipe de Paz Perez, author of works on Calle Real, as the Recova, Cabrera House facade renovation, House D. Silvestre Carrillo Massieu on Bridge Avenue today Caja de Ahorros de Las Palmas.

If we look at the houses, all with corresponding landmarks or privileged views over the city, introducing a new compositional device in rural and urban, which distinguishes it from traditional Canarian farms, but linked to rural areas in volumes, compositional asymmetry and no formal order fixed on walls.
These houses correspond to a rigid formal scheme on the ground, recalling the traditional architectural treatises of the nineteenth illustrated DURAND, which rises in elevation in one or two plants with elongated volumes formed by long glass galleries topped with turrets at the ends , pavilions, diamond points, domes and kiosks.

Even following the shape of local construction, there is a desire to express the style of the era in which the bourgeoisie chooses to be a "fashion" than it takes in Europe and America, the Caribbean, in Cuba with leguaje Quintas colonial.

In the case of Yanes-Carrillo House, displayed the French tile roofs, tile scale, walkable roofs and balconies to the cliff to see the boats and the harbor, the French octagonal ceilings, like the inside of the archway; the hydraulic floor with geometric designs and colors, colored glass, woodworking and riga pinsapo brought from America for doors, windows and floors, andalucian tiles in sockets, veiled or smoked glass, the blinds over doors stop allowing the passage of cross ventilation in rooms typical of Asian colonies, the graphics in Anglo-Saxon Victorian facades, gables, cast iron gates, romantic art nouveau banks in the form of sleeping woman, landscaping with grass and very English actor The physical demarcation of those with preconceived formal layout, the pots neoclassical Doric columns to plateaus of flowers, the neo-Gothic motifs on doors, the huts, kiosks, booths wrists with fretwork on the eaves of roofs, English red color, the beige, very Indian cyan color of the Caribbean Sea, White interior carpentry, white pearl in the two Cuban, white and red curtains .- The masonic walls, concrete brick Solid brick and clay.

Ponds and rockeries sources, such as the English landscape.
Tree species with distinction in the landscape with the Areucarias symmetry, the Laurel de Indias, Pomar, False Pimentel, the Barbuzanos, the Mocanes, geranium, roses, Royal Palms .
The furniture in the house, consisting of furniture brought from France in the voyages of The Truth when going back to return America, sugar, coffee, brandy, gathered wood in Brunswick, Philadelphia, New York and were quarantined before entering Vigo La Palma in the north, taking advantage of the trade winds.
Mahogany consoles, ceramic tile 5 x 5, color patterns formed on the floor, the floors in quiet gardens of basalt formed diamonds.

TWO CUBAN are manufactured by D. Antonio Carballo Fernandez after 1865, year of purchase of property in La Dehesa, where this renewed and built, probably by Master D. Felipe de Paz Pérez.
D. Antonio was married to Mrs. Mercedes Fernandez Cruz and had two daughters, Antonia and Mercedes.
An uncle of D. Antonio and his brother Manuel, D. Francisco Fernández Taño illustrious palm who emigrated to Cuba, and made his fortune, returning to La Palma, bought at S / C de La Palma home Pérez de Brito n-4, where he lived and died until 1876 and passed on to his heirs until the present day, D. Carlos Yanes Carrillo.

This gentleman, took her two nephews Antonio and Manuel, an economist and lawyer, respectively, to Cuba, where he also made fortune with the industry of sugar cane.
Back in La Palma, Antonio brought two little girls Antonia and Mercedes, and for that reason we put the name of his new house in La Dehesa THE TWO CUBAN.
His uncle died, D. Antonio Carballo Fernández inherits the house of Perez de Brito n-4 where his portrait and his wife Mrs. Mercedes Fernandez Cruz inherits the house adjacent today, Cajacanarias-bank.
This house is the living marriage, and also an uncle lives of Ms. Estela D. Jose Carballo Fernández, who by will from his father Antonio, about TWO CUBAN, was the heir of the same.

The houses are rooted in the people who promoted and see that his relationship with the economic wealth generated by the relationship with Cuba, among others, we say yes, that behind them is the figure of the Indian.
D. Antonio Carballo Fernández, also participated in other buildings of interest were the construction of the Circus of Mars, designed by D. Sebastian Arozena Lemus, as Cirque cockfighting as they were in Havana, and social events, dances, becoming a joint stock corporation for the purpose.

Other buildings are the houses that promoted the San Sebastian Street, built by Felipe de Paz Pérez.
In short we see the figure and the family relationship, Antonio Carballo Fernández, is present in The Two Cuban, La Casa Yanes-Carrillo, La Casa Perez de Brito n-4, the House of the Caja Canarias Las Palmas, Las Casas San Sebastian, Teatro Circo de Marte.

All emblematic buildings of the city of S / C de La Palma and the island of La Palma, of which we are proud to be developed in a supportive and open intellectual figures like Sebastian Arozena Lemus, Sebastian Arozena Henríquez, Blas Carrillo Batista, Faustino Mendez Cabezola, Antonio Rodriguez Lopez, Duque family events such as the electric light brought Electron, Yellow Fever, 1888, the steam 19, the war in Cuba, the visit of Alfonso XIII.
Hoping that these notes will serve to the memory of those who worked and enriched the cultural and architectural heritage of our island, with all humility, Please excuse the slip, he may have committed, without prejudice that can complement and extend


S / C de la Palma, 30 October 2008



D. Gabriel Henríquez Pérez